[Masthead] Overcast ~ 54°F  
High: 60°F ~ Low: 48°F
Tuesday, Oct. 25, 2016

EPA begins digging three new test wells

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

A drilling rig slowly digs out a new 200-to-220-foot well for the EPA to test groundwater samples while an EPA geologist, right, examines the earth cored out of the ground, making sure the drilling is going as it should. The well, along with two others, will join 12 EPA test wells throughout Le Mars to monitor the plume of contaminants in the groundwater from a former coal gas plant that used to be at the corner of First Street and Fourth Avenue Northeast.
A giant drill began plunging into the earth in front of a Le Mars home Tuesday.

The Environmental Protection Agency is starting its work in digging three new test wells to help map whether contaminants have spread from a former coal gas site in northeast Le Mars.

This work follows ongoing study and cleanup by the EPA of the site where -- about a century ago -- a plant burned coal to produce gas for heating and lighting, leaving behind chemicals that could be harmful if they seeped into local drinking water sources.

Dan Garvey, of the EPA, was on-site Tuesday and said the community is not drinking contaminated groundwater.

"The groundwater study we're doing is in a different aquifer than the one with the municipal wells that the city gets their drinking water from," he said. "There's no impact to that aquifer."

The test wells allow the EPA to monitor the plume of contaminants from the original site, making sure it doesn't impact residents, and to measure whether their levels are diminishing, he said.

Drilling is a step-by-step process. The EPA is contracting with a drilling crew from Minnesota to dig the 200-to-220-foot-deep wells, which happens one segment at a time.

An EPA geologist is also on-site with the crew, looking at each coring -- a tube of earth dug up with each segment of drilling.

"The geologist is looking at the corings to determine the different aquifers they're passing through with their drill rig," Garvey explained.

That information helps the crew make sure they're drilling properly and containing each aquifer within itself, he said.

The EPA will send a crew back next month to take a routine water sampling of the new wells along with its 12 existing wells throughout Le Mars, which test groundwater in three different aquifers.

Garvey explained that for years the EPA has been monitoring and mapping the contaminated groundwater plume that emanated from the Le Mars coal gas plant. The site includes 1.5 acres on First Street Northeast, land now owned by the City of Le Mars.

The three new wells are to the south and southeast of the site.

Garvey explained the decision behind putting the wells there.

"In monitor well 1, which is about three blocks to the east, we measured benzene at 41 parts per billion recently," he said. "We looked at that number and we looked at this gap we have on the south side, and it drove us to put these three wells in."

These new wells provide "a complete coverage for the wells from the site area," he said.

The first well is on the boulevard at 41 Fourth Ave. N.E., which is city right of way, according to Public Works Superintendent Steve Hansen. That well is about one-half block from the original coal gas site.

The second two wells will be dug in the first alley south of Plymouth Street in a sort of triangle from the first location, Garvey said.

The drilling process for the three will take seven to eight days total, he said.

Monitoring will continue for years.

"We're seeing some levels go down and some stabilize," Garvey said. "It takes a long time for these things to disperse."

The Le Mars Coal Gas plant was built in 1884.

As part of the plant's production in the late 1800s and early 1900s, coal was burned to produce gas, a process which also produced a variety of hazardous substances, many of which were simply dumped on the ground, according to information from the EPA.

Some of the chemicals are cancer-causing but only if people are in direct contact with them -- such as drinking contaminated water, according to the Iowa Department of Public Health.

The EPA's study of the site has been ongoing for more than a decade.

The agency led an extensive cleanup project in 2004.

"We removed a significant amount of the chemicals at that time," Garvey said.

Note: The nature of the Internet makes it impractical for our staff to review every comment. If you feel that a comment is offensive, please Login or Create an account first, and then you will be able to flag a comment as objectionable. Please also note that those who post comments on lemarssentinel.com may do so using a screen name, which may or may not reflect a website user's actual name. Readers should be careful not to assign comments to real people who may have names similar to screen names. Refrain from obscenity in your comments, and to keep discussions civil, don't say anything in a way your grandmother would be ashamed to read.

I wonder if we have been given the right figures and also why the city heads tried to have this stopped? Could be they don't want to know the truth. This really deserves watching for everyone is this city.

-- Posted by one4theroad on Wed, Mar 30, 2011, at 3:45 PM

The most interesting part in all of this will be the city's reactions..

-- Posted by former_resident on Wed, Mar 30, 2011, at 5:11 PM

Respond to this story

Posting a comment requires free registration:

© 2016 Le Mars Daily Sentinel